Lexicon of Terms

The Constituent Assembly (H'assefa Hamechonenet)

Israel's Proclamation of Independence of 14 May, 1948, laid down that the elected Constituent Assembly would prepare a constitution for the State of Israel by no later than 1 October, 1948. The elections which were held on 25 January, 1949, were in fact, elections to the Constituent Assembly, which held only four meetings. On 16 February, 1949, the Assembly adopted the Transition Law, by which it renamed itself the "First Knesset." Because the Constituent Assembly did not prepare a constitution for Israel, the Knesset is the heir of the Assembly for the purpose of fulfilling this function.

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