The Likud list was established in 1973 toward the elections for the Eighth Knesset. It consisted of the Herut Movement, the Liberal Party, the Free Center, the National List, and Greater Israel Activists. After the Herut Movement had, for many years, constituted the Right-wing marker of the Israeli political spectrum, the orientation of the new list was that of moderate Right in the political arena, and free market in the economic sphere. Over the years, the makeup of the Likud list changed, but its two central components remained the Herut Movement and the Liberal Party. In 1988, the Herut Movement and Liberal Party merged into a single party called the Likud. Menachem Begin led the Likud until 1983; in the years 1983-93 Yitzhak Shamir was the leader; from 1993-99 Binyamin Netanyahu led the Likud, from 1999 through 2005 it was led by Ariel Sharon, and since 2005, Binyamin Netanyahu has been once again the leader.
The Knessets in Which it Served:
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