||Israel Labor Party (Labor)
A social-democratic party established in 1968 following a union of Mapai, Ahdut Haíavoda, and Rafi. The party supports the policy of social pluralism and equality, and since the 1990's, a free market "with a soul" economic policy. In the political sphere, the pragmatic approach usually prevailed, despite the military background of most of its leaders. Until the elections for the Thirteenth Knesset, the Labor Party within the framework of the Alignment list. In the elections for the Fourteenth Knesset it ran under its own name, in the elections to the Fifteenth Knesset within the framework of One Israel (2), and in the elections to the Sixteenth Knesset within the framework of Labor-Meimad. Since its establishment the Labor Party lost more than half its strength. The chairmen of the Party since its establishment were Levi Eshkol (1968-69), Golda Meir (1969-74), Yitzhak Rabin (1974-77; 1992-1995), Shimon Peres (1977-92; 1995-97; 2003- ), Ehud Barak (1997-2001), Binyamin Ben-Elizer (2001-2), Amram Miznah (2002-3). Until the mid 1990s the party headed the Histadrut, and its leader was Prime Minister in 1968-77; 1984-86; 1992-96; and 1999-2001.
The Knessets in Which it Served:
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