The ninth Knesset was the first in which the parties belonging to the Labor
Movement were in opposition, after the political upheaval in the Knesset elections and
the formation of a Right-Center government by Menachem Begin.
This was also the first Knesset in which a totally new party - the Democratic
Movement for Change - entered the Knesset with a substantial number of seats.
In the course of the ninth Knesset many Knesset members moved from
faction to faction, and this especially against the background of the
disintegration of the DMC.
MKs from the Likud voting at the opening sitting of the ninth Knesset, 13.6.1977.
PM. Menachem Begin, with two of his future finance ministers, S. Erlich and Y. Hurwitz, 13.6.1977.
Several Knesset members changed factions three or even four times in the course of
theninth Knesset. The main event during the term of the ninth Knesset was the
visit of Egyptian President Anwar Sadat to Jerusalem in November 1977, and his
appearance in the Knesset.
After less than a year and a half the first peace agreement between Israel and an
Arab state was signed. The Knesset appoved the Camp David Accords in September 1978,
by a large majority, and the peace treaty with Egypt in March 1979. In the course
of the ninth Knesset talks began with Egypt on an autonomy plan for Judea, Samaria
and the Gaza Strip, but the talks did not lead to an agreement.
In light of the worsening of the security situation along Israel's northern
border the Litani Operation took place in March 1978.
The number of terrorist attacks in this period fell, but in March 1978 there was an
attack along the Coastal Road, and another attack in Antwerpen in Belgium, in which
Jewish children were hurt. Towards the end of the ninth Knesset the Isreli air force
attacked the Iraqi nuclear reactor.
During the term of the ninth Knesset the Jewish settlement movement in Judea,
Samaria and the Gaza Strip was accellerated: a permanent settlement was set up at
Elon Moreh, Beit Hadassah in Hebron was settled and the number of Jews in the
territories rose to about 8,300. In this period an attempt was made by Jews to
assassinate several mayors of Arab towns in the territories. "Peace Now" was founded in 1978.
The Ninth Knesset:
Members of the Opposition before
the election of a new Speaker, 12.3.1980.
During the term of the ninth Knesset, three minsiters of finance served,
but most of the attention was focused on the foreign currency liberalization of Simha Erlich.
In the course of the ninth Knesset the phenomenon of "specialized" financial allocations for religious
institutions developed. There was a steep fall in the number of new immigrants from
the Soviet Union, and the Knesset dealt with the issue of the Prisoners of Zion - Nathan
Sharansky, Ida Nudel, Yossef Mendelovitz and Victor Breilovsky. The Knesset dealt
with the issue of the displaced persons from Iqrit and Bir'am.