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The 2nd Knesset: The government table in the plenum, 3.11.1952.



The 2nd Knesset: MKs Beba Idelson (right) and Ada Meimon 22.1.1952.



MK Menachem Begin addressing a mass demonstration against the restitution agreement with Germany, 25.2.1952.

Factional and Government Make-Up of the Second Knesset

Elected on July 30, 1951.
Speaker: Joseph Sprintzak;
Deputy Speakers: Hanna Lamdan, Binyamin Minz, Joseph Serlin, Ze`ev Sheffer;
Secretary General: Moshe Rosetti;

Name of List Votes in Percentage Number of Seats Number of Seats Before Next Elections
Mapai 37.3 45 47
General Zionists 16.2 20 22
Mapam 12.5 15 7
Hapo'el Hamizrahi 6.8 8 8
Herut Movement 6.6 8 8
Maki 4.0 5 7
Progressive Party 3.2 4 4
Democratic List for Israeli Arabs 1 2.4 3 3
Agudat Yisrael 2.0 3 3
Sephardim and Oriental Communities 1.8 2 0
Po'alei Agudat Yisrael 1.6 2 2
Mizrahi 1.5 2 2
Kidma Va'avodah 1 1.2 1 1
Yemenite Association 2 1.2 1 1
Agriculture and Development 1 1.1 1 1
Ahdut Ha'avoda - Poalei Zion 3 - 0 4
1 Arab minorities lists associated with Mapai.
2 Joined the General Zionists immediately after the elections, but broke off toward the end of the Knesset. This move was not approved by the Knesset House Committee.
3 Split from Mapam, but this move was not approved by the Knesset House Committee.

The third government was formed by David Ben Gurion, on 8 October, 1951.
The coalition members were: Mapai, Hamizrahi and Hapo'el Hamizrahi, Agudat Yisrael, Po'alei Agudat Yisrael and the minority lists. The number of ministers when the government was formed - 13. The Government resigned on 19 Decmeber, 1952, against the background of differences of opinion with the religious parties on the need to strengthen the religious education.

The fourth government was formed by David Ben Gurion,on December 24, 1952.
The coalition members were: Mapai, General Zionists, Hamizrahi and Hapo'el Hamizrahi, the Progressive Party and minority lists. The number of ministers when the government was formed - 16. The Prime Minister resigned on 6 December, 1953, against the background of his wish to settle in kibbutz Sdeh Boker in the Negev.

The fifth government was formed by Moshe Sharett, on 26 January 1954.
The coalition members were as in the fourth government. The number of ministers when the government was formed - 16. The Prime Minister resigned on 29 June, 1955, against the background of the General Zionists to abstain during a vote on a motion of no-confidence in the Government and their refusal to resign from the Government. The motion had been brought by Herut and Maki due to the Government's position in the trial of Malkiel Gruenwald, who accused Dr. Israel Kastzner of cooperation with the Nazis.

The sixth government was formed by Moshe Sharett, on 29 June, 1955.
The coalition members were: Mapai, Hamizrahi and Hapo'el Hamizrahi and the minority lists. The number of ministers when the government was formed - 12.



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