Parliamentary Groups
 


Herut Movement

Description:

A liberal-national party that was founded upon the establishment of the State by veterans of the IZL. The Herut Movement was the main Opposition party, and the most Right-wing party in the course of the First to Fifth Knessets. In these years it continued to support the slogan "To banks to the Jordan River", and refused to recognize the legitimacy of the Kingdom of Jordan. In the economic sphere, the Herut Movement supported private enterprise and a reduction of government intervention. The party also served as a "watchdog" for democracy, and inter alia demanded the abolishment of the Emergency Regulations and the military administration for the Arab citizens of Israel, that prevailed until 1966. In the elections for the Sixth and Seventh Knessets, the Herut Movement ran within the framework of Gahal (Herut-Liberal Bloc), with the Liberal Party, and lost its distinct Right-wing character. From the elections for the Eighth Knesset through those for the Eleventh Knesset, the Herut Movement ran within the Likud list. In 1988, the Likud became an party, and both the Herut Movement and Liberal Party ceased to exist as independent entities.


The Knessets in Which it Served:

1
14/02/1949
20/08/1951
Knesset Members:   Yohanan Bader   Menachem Begin   Aryeh Ben-Eliezer   Haim Cohen-Meguri   Uri-Zvi Greenberg   Ari Jabotinsky   Shmuel Katz   Hillel Kook   Haim Landau   Eliyahu Lankin   Yaacov Meridor   Shmuel Merlin   Avraham Rakanti   Esther Raziel-Naor  
2
20/08/1951
15/08/1955
Knesset Members:   Arie Altman   Binyamin Avniel   Yohanan Bader   Menachem Begin   Aryeh Ben-Eliezer   Haim Cohen-Meguri   Haim Landau   Yaacov Meridor   Esther Raziel-Naor   Eliezer Shostak  
3
15/08/1955
30/11/1959
Knesset Members:   Arie Altman   Binyamin Arditi   Binyamin Avniel   Yohanan Bader   Menachem Begin   Aryeh Ben-Eliezer   Haim Cohen-Meguri   Haim Landau   Nahum Levin   Yaacov Meridor   Mordechai Olmert   Esther Raziel-Naor   Yosef Shofman   Eliezer Shostak   Shimshon Unichman  
4
30/11/1959
04/09/1961
Knesset Members:   Arie Altman   Binyamin Arditi   Binyamin Avniel   Yohanan Bader   Menachem Begin   Aryeh Ben-Eliezer   Haim Cohen-Meguri   Avraham Drori   Haim Landau   Nahum Levin   Eliyahu Meridor   Yaacov Meridor   Mordechai Olmert   Esther Raziel-Naor   Shabtai Shichman   Yosef Shofman   Eliezer Shostak   Shimshon Unichman  
5
04/09/1961
22/11/1965
Knesset Members:   Arie Altman   Binyamin Arditi   Binyamin Avniel   Yohanan Bader   Menachem Begin   Aryeh Ben-Eliezer   Haim Cohen-Meguri   Avraham Drori   Joseph Kremerman   Haim Landau   Nahum Levin   Eliyahu Meridor   Yaacov Meridor   Esther Raziel-Naor   Shabtai Shichman   Yosef Shofman   Eliezer Shostak   Avraham Tiar  
Color Key:
Black: A Member of the Knesset who was a member of the parliamentary group throughout the groupís existence in that Knesset
Blue: A Member of the Knesset who left the parliamentary group, resigned from the Knesset or passed away
Green: A Member of the Knesset who joined a parliamentary group and remained in it until the end of the groupís existence in that Knesset
Orange: A Member of the Knesset who joined a parliamentary group and then left it in the course of the Knessetís term
Purple: A Member of the Knesset who left a parliamentary group, and returned to it in the course of the Knessetís term




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