A liberal-national party that was founded upon the establishment of the State by veterans of the IZL. The Herut Movement was the main Opposition party, and the most Right-wing party in the course of the First to Fifth Knessets. In these years it continued to support the slogan "To banks to the Jordan River", and refused to recognize the legitimacy of the Kingdom of Jordan. In the economic sphere, the Herut Movement supported private enterprise and a reduction of government intervention. The party also served as a "watchdog" for democracy, and inter alia demanded the abolishment of the Emergency Regulations and the military administration for the Arab citizens of Israel, that prevailed until 1966. In the elections for the Sixth and Seventh Knessets, the Herut Movement ran within the framework of Gahal (Herut-Liberal Bloc), with the Liberal Party, and lost its distinct Right-wing character. From the elections for the Eighth Knesset through those for the Eleventh Knesset, the Herut Movement ran within the Likud list. In 1988, the Likud became an party, and both the Herut Movement and Liberal Party ceased to exist as independent entities.
The Knessets in Which it Served:
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