A party formed in 1965 by a group of MKs who left Mapai under the leadership of David Ben-Gurion. The background to this move was the Lavon Affair, and opposition to the formation of the Alignment with Ahdut Ha'avoda. Inter alia, Rafi supported electoral reform. The party ran in the elections for the the Sixth Knesset and in 1968 participated in the establishment of the Israel Labor Party with Mapai and Ahdut Haívoda. In the course of the Ninth Knesset, three MKs who broke off from the Likud called their parliamentary group by Rafi - the National List. About four months later, that parliamentary group split, and the name Rafi disappeared.
The Knessets in Which it Served:
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