||Israel Communist Party (Maki)
A Jewish-Arab Communist party, that was formed when the Soviet Union recognized Israel immediately after its establishment. It was represented by a parliamentary group in the First to Seven Knessets, but in the elections for the Seventh Knesset it was challenged by another Communist Party - the New Communist List (Rakah), that was made up primarily of Arabs, and also entered the Knesset. In the Eighth Knesset the Communists were represented in the Knesset by Rakah alone. In the course of that Knesset the Rakah parliamentary group changed its name to the Democratic Front for Equality (Hadash), and as of the elections for the Ninth Knesset, it was Hadash that ran in the elections for the Knesset, in cooperation with additional bodies. In 1989 Rakah changed its name back to the Israel Communist Party (Maki).
The Knessets in Which it Served:
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