The Plenum - Motions of No-Confidence
Until the end of the term of the 13th Knesset, the Knesset could bring about the resignation of the
government by means of a vote of no-confidence. Only one government
was forced to resign as a
result of a vote on a motion of no-confidence in the course of the 12th Knesset, on March 15,
1990. There was a case in the First Knesset in which Prime Minister David Ben Gurion
announced the resignation of the Second Government following a vote on the government's
educational policies which was won by the opposition. David Ben-Gurion viewed this
as a no-confidence vote and resigned accordingly.
According to the original Basic Law: the Government, enacted in 1968, a majority of those
participating in the vote could bring about the resignation of the government, and as a result, the
President of the State was called upon to approach the head of the Parliamentary Group with the
best chances of forming a new government to do so. According to the Basic Law: the Government
enacted in 1992, a majority of the Knesset Members can bring about the resignation of the Prime
Minister, and as a result new elections will be held for both the Knesset and the Prime Minister.
The frequent use of motion of no-confidence as a means of attacking the government began in
the 11th Knesset, in the course of which the largest number of motions of no-confidence was
registered - 165.
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